Ballot questions

I am divorced and my ex-spouse passed away 2 years ago. We were married for 20 year, she was collecting disability when she passed away at age Will I qualify for survivor benefits in 2 years at age 60? WiIl this amount be greatly reduced if I continue to work until full retirement age?

Thanks for any insight. Thanks for your question, Randy. You may be able to begin receiving your survivor benefit at a reduced rate and then, at your full retirement age , switch to your own retirement benefit at an unreduced rate. For more information, check out our Survivors Planner. Also, when you apply for benefits, you will need to let us know if you plan to continue to work, as there are limits on how much survivors may earn while they receive benefits — see our Getting Benefits While Working web page.

Can the marriage years and common law marriage years be combined? Thank you for your question, Sharon. Unfortunately, your situation is a bit more complex than we can answer in this blog forum. We recommend you contact your local field office. Generally, you will have a shorter wait time if you call later in the week. I married my ex back in abroad, and I divorced him in I have a divorce my divorce papers in which it is mentioned the date and the year we got married, I can not remember having a marriage certificate little to be in English language.

Am I eligible to apply? Thank you for your question, Heidi. If your divorce decree shows the beginning and ending dates of marriage, you may be able to use it. All documents you submit must be either originals or copies certified by the issuing agency. We cannot accept photocopies or notarized copies of the documents. For more information about divorced spouse benefits, and to apply online, visit our Retirement Planner: If You Are Divorced. While I was still married, but separated, I began collecting my own SS benefits at age I am now 64 and have been divorced for more than 2 years and my ex will soon be We were married for over 30 years.

I understand I can reapply for SS benefits under something called Independently titled divorced spouse. Can you direct me as to how I go about doing this? Is it best to wait unitl I am 65? Thanks so much. I was married for 11 years, and will be 64 this year. I am currently working. I know that, at FRA, a divorced spouse can claim the spousal benefit while letting their own benefit continue to grow until age Does it work the opposite way?

Can I apply at FRA and restrict it to my own benefit, while letting my spousal benefit grow until age 70, then switch to the spousal benefit? However, if you qualify for benefits on your own record, we will generally pay that amount first. If you also qualify for a higher amount as a divorced spouse , you will get a combination of benefits that equals that higher amount.

To find out how much you are eligible for on each record and to discuss your options, contact us at TTY Monday through Friday between 7 a. My mother and father are currently going through a divorce. My father is 62, mother is The divorce will be finalized in October just as my mother turns My mother has never worked because she stayed at home to raise 4 children.

Will she still be entitled to half of my fathers social security even though she has never worked herself? If so, will she be able to file at age 62 or will she have to wait for my father to file? Thanks for your question, Cate. If your father has not applied for retirement benefits but can qualify for them, your mother can receive benefits on his record once they have been divorced for at least two years. Not sure if you are still responding to this feed but If you are I have a question.

I left my husband 27 years ago at a time neither one of us had any money to get a divorce. I never saw him again. I have tried to find any trail of what he said he did with this uncontested divorce, and it does not appear that he did what he said he did, and we are still married. Now I am financially able to get a divorce which I will go to a lawyer about shortly, I still have no idea where my husband is. My question is about social security. I have heard by getting divorced this way it does not resolve financial matters, So it worries me that something may happen with regards to my social security.

I have worked my entire life, and I doubt my husband has changed and probably has not worked and has free loaded from this other wife. Lisa, the amount of your Social Security benefit will depends on the amount of your average lifetime earnings. We establish and pay your benefit amount first, then we pay benefits to other family members who may qualify on your record.

If you have a divorced spouse who qualifies for benefits, it will not affect the amount of benefits you may receive. You can use our Online Retirement Estimator to get estimates on your future retirement benefits. If I was married for less than 10 years, then divorced my spouse, but cared for his children, then he died, and the children were both under 16 at the time of his death and I still cared for them alone , I understand that I was probably eligible for SS benefits.

I did not apply at that time however, not knowing that I was eligible. Both of the children did apply and got dependent survivor benefits till they were Can I now apply for survivor benefits since I cared for the under children? My situation is almost identical to hers. I struggled for years as the sole support for our children. My ex never provided one penny of support. On top of that my ex was in the military and they did nothing to force him to provide for his children. Hi, I was married 39 years I have been divorced for 15 months.

He is 60 and I am Since we lived abroad he has paid in full his retirement credits of I only have 24 credits. I understand the requirements are: you can file for benefits 2 years after divorce, you have to have been married for at least 10 years. My question is do I have to wait til he is 62 to file for my benefits which would be two years from now?

Thank you for your help. You are right on both counts Monique, and yes, your ex-husband would have to be of retirement age 62 or older for you to apply and receive Divorced Spouse benefits on his record. We were married for about 15 years. We have been divorced for 5 years. She is 62 years old. I will be 65 this year. I worked for about 14 years in private industry, since then, teacher.

Frustrated with system. Hi John, A pension based on work that is not covered by Social Security for example, Federal civil service and some State or local government agencies, such as police officers and some teachers may cause the amount of your Social Security benefit to be reduced. Your benefits can be reduced based on one of two provisions. If you are not already getting retirement benefits, you should contact us about three months before your 65th birthday to see if you qualify for Medicare. I truly appreciate individuals like you!

Take care!! I am trying to help my mom make the best retirement decision. She has cancer but was rejected for disability but is still unable to work. Therefore we are looking into the non-disability route. She was married to my dad for over ten years and he is already receiving social security. My mom is 60 born and has her own work history but my dad definitely did earn more throughout their marriage. I have read a lot about the divorced spouse filing for spousal benefits at 66 FRA and then their own benefits at She must request an appeal within 60 days from the date she received the denial notice.

In regards to her Retirement or Divorced Spouse benefits , keep in mind that if your mom qualifies on her own record, we pay that amount first. And, SSA and other references do not incorporate this information in the commentaries that they provide. If would be helpful for someone in the SSA to explain this topic, too. This is so even if this period was interrupted by a prior divorce, provided the remarriage took place no later than the calendar year immediately following the calendar year of the divorce.

The year requirement is met. The marriage must be in existence in each of the 10 years before the final divorce in order for the claimant to be entitled. I started collecting Disability about 10 Years ago. I am 66 now. My Ex wife collects Disability, She was a nurse for 30 years. I only get Good for you Frank and a great question. My friend put together my small business website in dreamweaver for me.

However, I now want to maintain it myself—my friend recommended putting it into wordpress. I was married to my first wife for 14 years, we divorced and I re-married 5 years later and have been married for 18 years. I and my current wife are both retired. I and my wife we both draw on our soc sec along with a pension.

If I die, which wife gets my soc security? Chris, both your ex-wife and your current wife could get benefits. I want to thank prophet john for getting my lover back to me within 3days. When my husband left me i was so tired and frustrated till i search the internet for help and i saw so many good talk about prophet john of holyprophet8 gmail.

If you want to get your lover back contact prophet8 via email: holyprophet8 gmail. COM prophet john the great man that is able to bring back lost love. I am 10 years older than ex husband of 18 years. When can I collect off his social security benefits. If your ex-spouse has not applied for retirement benefits, but can qualify for them which includes he is at least age 62 , you can receive benefits on his or her record if you have been divorced for at least two years. The local office is asking my ex-husband to provide his original Birth Certificate.

The request came from one of the agents on the phone, the day after the appointment. This is a surprise, the SSA has all his personal information and earnings. I cannot find any mention of this requirement anywhere on SSA website. My ex-husband refuses to cooperate. My ex-husband is younger than me. The SSA requirement is for the requesting spouse me to be at least 62 years old. Thank you for your questions, Rita. The primary proof of age when applying for retirement benefits is the original copy of his birth certificate.

Please continue working with our agents, as they may be able to assist you further in preparation to file for your benefits. Hi Ms. I have a ex-wife who has been married over 15 years to another man. They are seperated now but he worked in cthe constructtion trade as a contractor. I was married to her ten tyears. Will, if she chooses to,be allowed to draw on my social Security?

Hi Bill. Your divorced spouse generally cannot collect benefits on your record unless her current marriage ends whether by death, divorce or annulment. My wife is on a permanent resident 10 year green card. She is from Mexico. I am presently 64 years old. When my wife reaches 62 years old she will have been on a green card for 12 years. She will not have enough credits points to draw any social security at age My question is as follows.

I applied for spousal benefits off of my ex husband. He is deceased now. The SS office told me that I need to get a copy of my divorce papers and marriage licenses. I did get the copy of the marriage licenses but when I went to get the divorce papers the county has no records of my divorce. They think it was never filed. Like I said my ex is deceased. I have no way to track what happened. We were not speaking at the time we divorced and I never got a copy of the papers. Now social security tells me I cannot get his social security until I produce divorce papers.

What do I do? Hello Ms. Simpson, you must provide the documents required to prove that you meet all the requirements necessary to be entitled to the benefit you are claiming. As a Surviving Divorced Spouse , you must provide proof that your marriage lasted 10 years or more. In this case a marriage certificate and a divorce decree is needed to show the length of the marriage.

We do not have access to personal records in this blog and in your case, is best to continue working with the Social Security office handling the claim, they can advise you as to what other alternatives or other types of evidence you need to submit. I will be 67 in December, living on Social Security.

I am positive he made far more money than I did in his work years and I believe he is retired now. Must I wait till he passes away to receive benefits from his Social Security? Thank you for your question Constance.


If you are receiving benefits on your own record, we pay that amount first. However, if the benefit on his record is a higher amount, you will get a combination of benefits that equals a higher amount. For questions and to check if you qualify for additional benefits contact your local office , or call our toll-free number at Question: If I married abroad over 36 years ago and have been separated from that spouse for over 30 years — is that person considered my legal spouse in the United States?

What does the government consider my marriage status to be? Could you help me with that? I want to file as Single, but want to make sure. I am about to divorce my husband for the second time. First time we were married for 10yrs. We stayed divorced for 13 months and then remarried. Our second marriage lasted 12 yrs My question is can I get his SS pension if he dies if he marries again or not and if I get to retirement age and he is still alive do I get any of his SS benefits?

Thank you for your question Apr. You may also qualify as a Surviving Divorced Spouse. If you qualify to receive benefits on your own record, we pay that amount first. If you have additional questions, please call our toll-free number at Can you answer this?

Hi Angie and thank you for your question. For retirement benefits, we generally allow up to six months of retroactivity payments. No retroactive benefits are payable for any month before individuals reach their full retirement age. Sometimes, a person may be entitled to more than one benefit at the same time and may receive a combination of benefits equaling a higher amount. Also, in your case, there are Delayed Retirement Credits issues to consider. In your situation, it is best to contact your local office or to call our toll free telephone number at , Monday through Friday between 7 a.

I have lived on S. I was married for 10yrs. He remarried and his wife died many years later. It is now I would like to know: If he is on S. Hi Linda! However, if you are receiving Supplemental Security Income or SSI benefits, you are required to file for benefits under his record as soon as you become eligible at age Remember that your SSI benefit is also based on the income you receive, we will be able to tell you the exact amount of your total benefit amount when you apply. I am 51 years old and I was married for over 20 years. And during that time I was a housewife and raising our children.

After our divorce I never remarried and neither will I be going to. After the divorce I moved to Germany and currently I am working have been for 10 years and paying into the German retirement system. Nevertheless my salary is very small. That is why I should be drawing benefits from my ex husband since he has always earned much more money. Is it correct that I will receive approx.

Would I be getting benefits only for the years I was married or until my ex-husband will apply for social security benefits himself? How will I know when my ex husband will apply for benefits with 62 or 67? Does that even matter? How do I find out how much benefits I can draw from his account?

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And last but not least how do I apply for getting my SSN statement online? The system asks for an American address, which I do not have. I desperately need advise on this complicated matter. You may be eligible for Divorced Spouse benefits at age 62, and your ex-husband does not have to be receiving benefits but must be of retirement age 62 and qualify for retirement benefits. Also, persons who are not U. Social Security benefits while outside the U.

If you are a U. You can also contact the local U. They were married over 10 years, but so were we; in fact, we were married for a much longer time. They were married when they were in their late 20s and divorced in their late 30s. We have been married since our late 40s, so. Thank you for your question Joellyn. A divorced spouse of a worker who dies, could get benefits jut the same as a widow , provided that their marriage lasted 10 years or more. If you need more information or to apply contact our toll free number at Monday through Friday between 7 a. Hello- I am on SS disability and my ex husband is Or do I have to wait until he is 62??

Thank you for your question Kristi. He would also have to be of retirement age at least 62 , and you must have been divorced for at least two years. We must pay you benefits on your own record first, but if you qualify for a higher benefit amount on his record, then you will get a combination of benefits that equals that higher amount. Only a widow or the divorced spouse of a worker who dies, could get benefits at age 60 or at age 50 if she is disabled under our rules, provided that the marriage lasted 10 years or more.

I became disabled at age 45 while I was married. We divorced after over 25 years. I remarried. Do you have any idea??? Thanks, Robin. Both of us were divorced and married over 10 years each the first time. He is 10 years older than I am and has been on full social security for over 5 years.

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Great question Janet. If you are eligible for both your own retirement benefits and for benefits as a spouse, we always pay your own benefits first. If your benefits as a spouse are higher than your own retirement benefits, you will get a combination of benefits equaling a higher amount. Also, we have work provisions that allows you to work and receive your retirement benefits.

I am a surviving divorced spouse married 17 years and not remarried , and will be 66 in February, My ex died at age 61 and 7 months, and was not receiving social security benefits. When I am 66 his age would be 63 yrs and 7 months. Once I turn 66, am I eligible to collect any social security benefits on his credits, since he was not 62 when he died?

I lived with my ex in Conn. Would I possibly be able to collect any type of soc. Marie, your question is more complex than we can address in this forum. Please call us at TTY between 7 a. I know a ex-wife within parameters can get SS based on her ex-husbands paid in Social Security—even though she was a housewife and never paid in herself—as has been discussed in this article. But what about SSDI? Also, does receiving a small amount of alimony effect this? Typo Correction: 25 year marriage ends in divorce. I am 59, my ex-husband is We were married for 20 years and have been divorced for 12 years.

I have a friend who wife passed away can he receive his social security and apply for widower benefits to. First of all, Social Security should be notified as soon as possible when a person dies. He can apply for retirement or survivors benefits now and switch to the other higher benefit at a later date. If he is already receiving retirement benefits, he can only apply for benefits as a widower if the retirement benefit he is receiving is less than the benefits he would receive as a survivor. Your friend can call us at Monday through Friday, from 7 a.

I am 62 and my divorced ex is Married more than ten years. Divorced more than two. Not remarried. Can I file and start receiving on my record now and then file for additional benefits on his record when he turns 62? Great question Jo. You can apply for your benefits now and then later, see if you qualify for a higher benefit as a Divorced Spouse. You are correct, your ex-spouse must be at least age In the meantime you can complete the online application for your Social Security Retirement benefits in as little as 15 minutes.

I thought that my claim for ex-spouse benefits was supposed to be a private affair between me and Social Security anyway. Why is Social Security involving my ex-husband anyway? Generally, when we find a discrepancy in regards to date of birth, then we need to correct it. The primary proof of age is the original copy of his birth certificate. My second husband just passed away and my first husband is also deceased. How can I find out what his benefits would be if no records exist?

Can you clarify the following: Spouse A and Spouse B are married for 25 years and then divorce. Spouse A participated in and will have social security retirement. Spouse B worked in a government pension system and did not participate in and is not entitled to social security on her own record. Hi, I am 59 and getting a divorce, married 29 years. Can I draw my social security at 62 and switch over to my ex husbands at my full retirement age?

His social security is higher than mine. My husband is only 56 at this time. I was married for 40 years when divorced in I remarried after the age of 64 and read that I might be eligible for spousal benefits from my second husband when I turn 66 in January , His earnings were much higher than my ex-husbands. Is this information correct? Thank you for your question Mary. However, a pension based on work that is not covered by Social Security for example, Federal civil service and some State or local government agencies may cause the amount of your Social Security benefit to be reduced.

To see additional eligibility requirements and for more information in this subject visit our Retirement Planner: If You Are Divorced. I am single and was married for 31 years. I have been working as a teacher for 16 years and paying into the pension system. I see on the SS website that I am entitled to some social security based on my work record before becoming a teacher, but, of course, it will be reduced because of the windfall law. If so, how much will it be reduced? Good question, Carolyn. A pension based on work that is not covered by Social Security for example, Federal civil service and some State or local government agencies, such as police officers and some teachers may cause the amount of your Social Security benefit to be reduced.

I started taking my social security benefit at age I am now 75 years old. I was married two times, both more than 10 years and I am now divorced from my second husband. My first husband passed away 3 years ago. Can I claim benefits as a surviving spouse on his account? My second spouse is still alive an over 67 years old. He is now claiming his benefit and I am wondering if I have the right to claim on his benefit? If I were entitled to one or both of this spousal benefits, once I decide on one, can I change at a later date once the second spouse dies?

Please help as I think I have been receiving less than what is authorized under social security regulations. Can my ex spouse who is older and already filed and receiving his own SS now receive a portion of my SS that will be more than his current smaller benefit. Can he file for mine after he has already filed for his? What happens in a situation where you have an ex-wife married for 10 year and children and a current wife married for 39 years and children , the husband dies he is Who is entitled to his ss check?

Sheila, both the ex-wife and the current wife could get benefits. If you are referring to Social Security benefits, in addition to meeting other factors of eligibility, to qualify for and to receive Divorced Spouse benefits, the marriage must have lasted 10 years or longer.


HI Ray, how come you did not answer my question dated the ? If you have questions you can email me directly. Hi Nancy, we apologize if we missed your initial question. Unfortunately, your questions are a bit more complex than we can handle in this blog. In your situation, it will be best to speak with one of our representatives. Please call our toll free number at from 7 a. Monday through Friday or visit your local Social Security office.

My former sister in law was married to my brother for 22 yrs in AZ. They divorced and she moved in with a man who she has lived with over 11 yrs in OR. She never married him in order to continue to receive alimony. My brother has recently passed away and I was wondering if there is any way to prevent her from collecting his social security benefits? What if I file for divorce before 8. Does that mean he gets it too? Can I protest this?

What about my new husband? Does that mean he gets nothing? Also, does my ex collecting under my name, does that mean I will get less? There has to be a way to STOp this. Hello Mishell. The amount of benefits payable to your divorced spouse has no effect on the amount of benefits you or your current spouse may receive. We hope this information helps answering your questions. Hi Charles! Benefits issued through our Supplemental Security Income or SSI program are based on the needs of the individual and are only paid to the qualifying person.

Benefits paid through our Social Security Disability Insurance SSDI program, in certain circumstances, are payable to you and certain family members if you worked long enough and paid Social Security taxes. My ex is 63 and I am 64 — both our birthdays are in August. Do I have to be 66 to do that? I would like to ask if I can collect survivors benefits from my wife when our marriage last long 8 years but after we divorced we live together for more than 5 years after she died? Does an ex spouse override a current spouses ability to collect on his SS when dies? How does that work. My wife and I are going through a divorce.

Have been married for just over 2 years. She lives in Texas and I live in Mississippi. My question is, is she really entitled to anything from me since we have only been married for 2 years? I need help. To whom this may concern…my ex and I have been divorced for over 15 years…he just remarried a year ago and I am still single…. A great deal of thought and care has been given to its interior decoration, and all of the modern conveniences have been installed.

Although at no time indifferent to political questions Mr. Edwards has not taken a very active part in civic affairs, preferring to give his entire attention to the management of his extensive business interests. He has found in the development of the Edwards-Hindle department store full scope for his executive ability and energy, and has derived great satisfaction from his effective work in building up its trade.

His ability as a merchant is universally recognized, and during the years of his residence in Dayton he has also gained a place in the warm regard of many because of his admirable qualities as a man. Among the honored early settlers of Washington was Lewis McMorris, who in came to the Pacific coast and throughout the remainder of his life was identified with the interests of this section of the country.

He was here before the city of Walla Walla was founded and he saw its development and assisted in its making. With his brother Joseph and his sisters, Mrs. Sarah Funk and Mrs. Emma Craig, he lived for years in the evening of his days on First street in Walla Walla. He was born in Coshocton, Ohio, August 12, , and came of Scotch ancestry, the family having been founded in America in by a representative of the name who served in the Revolutionary war and who settled near Winchester, Virginia. After the establishment of American independence the family was founded in Ohio and in later generations representatives of the name went to Shelby county, Illinois, and there engaged in farming.

Lewis McMorris was one of the family who went to Illinois and on attaining his majority he was fitted out by his father to accompany a bachelor neighbor and a party to California. It was in the month of March, , that they started west with ox teams, crossing the plains and meeting with many of the hardships and privations which fell to the lot of the pioneers.

It was in that year that the cholera proved so terrible a scourge and all the way from the Missouri river graves dotted the trail. With only a sheet for a shroud and without a casket the bodies were lowered into their graves and the traveler, starting out full of hope, was laid to his last sleep. Often five newly made graves were to be seen in a day.

The party with which Mr. McMorris traveled consisted of a train of three wagons at the start but they were afterward joined by six wagons en route at St. There the oxen and wagons were sold and horses were purchased by those who desired to go on to the mines. They made pack saddles, loaded the horses and pressed on to southern Oregon, where a year and a half was spent at Sutter Creek, at Crescent City and at other mines.

They were not successful there, however, and pressed on to Yreka, California, where Mr. McMorris again engaged in mining. The Rogue River Indian war, however, broke out in southern Oregon, causing him to change his location and he made his way to the northern part of the state. He became a packer, rushing goods from Portland to the mines at Colville. After one of these trips he hired the team of mules to the quartermaster of the Oregon Volunteers to haul supplies to their headquarters at The Dalles.

On the second trip the Indians stole both mules and supplies. On the 7th of December, , the battle of the Walla Walla with the Indians was begun on Walla Walla river west of the present site of the city, a battle that lasted for four days and in which several thousand Indians were lined up against a few hundred white volunteers. The white men, however, were victorious and it was a memorable battle because it was a victory of a few over many and also because it marked the beginning of a lasting peace between the Indians and the white settlers in that vicinity.

McMorris was one of the active participants in that battle. In , when the troops camped at what became old Fort Walla Walla they moved about four miles up Mill creek but decided that the first stopping place was best and returned. It was this that decided the location of Walla Walla.

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McMorris assisted in building the canton, as the old fort was called, which was made from the various trees which grew along the banks of Mill creek. Years later when this land was sold for building purposes in order to extend the present city, it was desired to save intact some of the old fort buildings, to place them in the city park as historic relics, but it was found that the timber had rotted so that they crumbled away.

McMorris made the trip to the Willamette valley to buy teams for the government. In he began buying cattle and to secure a watering place for his herd he purchased land which included the present site of Wallula. The winter of was an exceedingly hard one and by spring his herd of two hundred and seventy head had decreased to forty. He next turned his attention to the mercantile business, in which he engaged with his brother, but this enterprise did not prove profitable and he sold his interest in the business. When land was thrown open to settlement he secured a preemption claim at a dollar and a quarter per acre, his place being located two miles south of the town now known as the Hammond Farm.

It was there that he conducted his stock-raising venture for several years and at the same time operated a pack train to Boise, Idaho. After closing out his mercantile interests with his brother he was for four years the owner of a stage line operating between Dayton, Washington, and Lewiston, Idaho.

He laid out the town of Wallula and donated to the railroad company the land which they used for depot purposes there. His long and useful life was ended in He passed away at his home in Walla Walla at the ripe old age of eighty-four years. He had never married but he left a brother and two sisters. The brother, however, died in the spring of There are also four nephews and one niece: the Funk brothers, who [40] are engaged in merchandising in Walla Walla; the Craig brothers, of Illinois; and Agnes Lillian Purdy, of Portland, Oregon. Throughout the long years of his residence in this locality he became very widely and favorably known and he left many friends as well as relatives to mourn his loss.

He performed an important part in promoting the early development and upbuilding of this section of the country and with many events which have left their impress upon the history of the northwest his name is inseparably associated. Joseph F. Tachi, who passed away August 8, , was a well known citizen of Walla Walla county. He was a native of Italy and came to America thirty-seven years ago.

He did not tarry on the Atlantic seaboard but crossed the country and settled in Walla Walla county, Washington, where he took up the occupation of gardening, which he followed with success, developing a good business in that connection. He continued active in gardening up to the time of his demise, which occurred in Almost a quarter of a century before, on June 9, , at Walla Walla Mr. Tachi was united in marriage to Miss Antonia Coboch, who was likewise born in the sunny land of Italy and came to the new world when twenty-seven years of age. She owns ten acres of valuable land on section 36, township 7 north, range 35 east, at College Place and she is also the owner of the Star Laundry and a brick building which contains five storerooms and which returns to her a most gratifying annual income from its rental.

In addition to these investments she owns thirty-one acres of land which is splendidly improved. She belongs to St. Francis Catholic church, of which Mr. During their residence in Walla Walla county Mr. Tachi gained many warm friends, he being well known as a representative business man. Tachi has also proved most capable in the management and control of her interests, and her property is now bringing to her a substantial annual income.

Michael Martin, a well known farmer residing on section 2, township 6 north, range 35 east, Walla Walla county, is entitled to the honor that is accorded the self-made man, for he has gained the competence that is now his solely through his own labors. Michael Martin was reared and educated in his native land and remained there until , when he decided to try his fortune [41] in the United States and crossed the Atlantic to New York city, where he remained for a time.

He then went to South Glastonbury, Connecticut, but three years after his emigration to this country he came to the Pacific coast by way of the Panama route, and spent two years in California. Subsequently he was a prospector in the placer gold mines at Emmitsburg and Helena, Montana, where he and his brother Patrick spent three years. It was in that they came to Walla Walla county, Washington, and purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land and also took up a section of railroad land later on, their home being on Dry creek. Our subject finally sold his share of the property to his brother John, who still owns the place, and then purchased his present farm on section 2, township 6 north, range 35 east, where he has resided continuously since.

He gave his personal attention to the operation of his place until advancing years led him to retire from active labor, since which time the farm has been operated by his son Emmet. He has been a hard worker and has manifested good judgment in the direction of his affairs, and as the years have passed his financial resources have steadily increased. Martin was married in Ireland, to Miss Julia Kellher, and they have become the parents of five children, of whom three have passed away. Those living are: Emmet M. Mary's Hospital in Walla Walla. The wife and mother passed away in and was laid to rest in the Catholic cemetery.

The family are communicants of the Catholic church of Walla Walla, and Mr. Martin supports the republican party at the polls but has never been ambitious to hold office. For more than half a century he has made his home in Walla Walla county, and in that period has seen a marvelous change in conditions as the country has been transformed from a pioneer district into a highly developed agricultural section.

Sweazy, a farmer of Columbia county, living on section 34, township 10 north, range 37 east, was born in Wallula, Washington, on the 8th of May, , a son of Frank and Allie J. Barnes Sweazy. The father was a native of Portugal, while the mother was born in Missouri. When a youth of fourteen the father came to the United States, having relatives living in Petaluma, California. To that point he made his way. His wife crossed the plains with her mother in , her father having previously been killed while serving as a soldier in the Civil war. She and her mother located on a ranch near Waitsburg, Washington.

About the same time Frank Sweazy made his way to Walla Walla county and soon afterward they were married. He then purchased the farm which is now the home of his son, the subject of this review, and thereon he resided for a number of years. Ultimately, however, he removed to Waitsburg, where he continued his residence for twenty years, or until the time of his death in His widow survives and yet makes her home in Waitsburg. Sweazy was educated in the public schools and also attended the [42] Waitsburg Academy.

In , at the age of eighteen years, he became a wage earner, entering the employ of Corbett Brothers in the capacity of bookkeeper at their mill at Huntsville. A year later he resigned to accept a position with John Smith, a hardware merchant of Waitsburg, where he filled the position of bookkeeper for four years. On the expiration of that period he went to Walla Walla, where he held the office of deputy county auditor under J. McCaw, in which capacity he served for four years. In November, , he was elected county auditor and so continued for two terms of two years each, making a most creditable record in that position by the promptness and systematic manner and general capability with which he discharged his duties.

On the expiration of his second term he returned to the home farm, which he has since occupied and operated. It is a tract of three hundred and twenty acres of rich and productive land, much of which he has brought to a high state of cultivation, and the fields are now bringing forth rich crops. They are divided into tracts of convenient size by well kept fences and there are valuable improvements upon the place, and the spirit of neatness and thrift which there prevails indicates the progressive methods of the owner.

Sweazy was united in marriage to Miss Mattie Ramseur, of Waitsburg, and they have many friends in the community where they live. Sweazy is a member of the Methodist church. Sweazy holds membership with Waitsburg Lodge, No. His political allegiance is given to the republican party and he keeps well informed on the questions and issues of the day but does not seek nor desire office as reward for party fealty, preferring to concentrate his thought, attention and purpose upon his farming interests, which are bringing to him substantial success.

Judge Mack F. Gose is one of the distinguished representatives of the bench and bar in Washington. Few lawyers have made a more lasting impression upon the judicial history of the state, both for legal ability of a high order and for the individuality of a personal character which impresses itself upon a community, and he proved himself the peer of the ablest members of the court of last resort while serving as one of the supreme judges of the state.

He was born in Missouri, July 8, , and is a son of John M. In the family came west and after spending a year at Boise, Idaho, proceeded to Walla Walla county, Washington, where the father turned his attention to horticulture, becoming a prominent fruit grower of this region. Judge Gose was only five years of age when the family arrived in Walla Walla county and he is indebted to the public schools of Walla Walla for the early educational advantages he enjoyed. After leaving school he entered the office of ex-Senator John B. Allen, one of the distinguished attorneys of the northwest at that time.

After reading law for some time, Judge Gose was admitted to the bar in and at once began the practice of his chosen profession in Pomeroy, where he has since remained, becoming in the meantime one of the leading lawyers of this section of the state. He won for himself very favorable criticism for the careful and systematic methods which he followed. He has ever displayed remarkable powers of concentration and application and his retentive mind has often excited the surprise of his professional colleagues.

As an orator he stands high, especially in the discussion of legal matters before the court, where his comprehensive knowledge of the law is manifest and his application of legal principles demonstrates the wide range of his professional acquirements. The utmost care and precision characterize his preparation of a case and have made him one of the most successful attorneys of the state. It was the qualities which he had displayed in private practice that commended him for judicial service and he was elected a judge of the supreme court, serving on the bench of the court of final appeals in Washington for six years.

His opinions are fine specimens of judicial thought, always clear, logical and as brief as the character of the case will permit. He never enlarged beyond the necessities of the legal thought in order to indulge in the drapery of literature. His mind during the entire period of his course at the bar and on the bench has been directed in the line of his profession and his duty. Seeley, and to them was born a daughter, L. Vyvien, who is now the wife of Charles A.

McCleary, of Olympia. Judge Gose makes his home in Pomeroy, where he occupies an attractive residence, and in addition he owns and supervises a large ranch, taking considerable interest and pride in his agricultural labors. His political endorsement has, since , been given to the republican party and upon that ticket he was elected to the office of mayor of Pomeroy, the reins of city government being in most capable hands during his administration of civic affairs.

He is today one of the honored and representative men of the state. Charles F. Flathers is a representative agriculturist of Walla Walla county, owning and cultivating six hundred and fifty-two acres of valuable land situated on section 32, township 10 north, range 36 east. It was upon this farm that he was born March 17, , a son of Benjamin F. He was reared upon the old homestead and became a pupil in the Prescott schools, dividing his time between the duties of the schoolroom, the pleasures of the playground and the work of the fields.

He continued to assist his father until , when he joined his brothers, John and Emery Flathers, and for five years the three brothers conducted farming interests in a partnership relation. Emery then withdrew but Charles F. Since that time Charles F. Flathers has carried on farming interests independently and is now the owner of six hundred and fifty-two acres of valuable wheat land, which he carefully and successfully cultivates.

He has become one of the most substantial agriculturists of Walla Walla county. He studies closely everything bearing upon wheat culture and the production of other crops suited to soil and climatic conditions [46] here and his progressive methods produce splendid results.

His farm with its broad fields, its substantial buildings and its modern improvements presents a most pleasing appearance and is a very attractive feature of the landscape. On the 20th of October, , Mr. In politics Mr. Flathers is a democrat but not desirous to hold office. He is a member of Prescott Lodge, No. At the time of her marriage Mrs. Flathers was engaged in nursing in Walla Walla.

She is a lady of liberal education and culture and both Mr. Flathers are widely and favorably known in their section of the county, enjoying the high regard of an extensive circle of friends. Atwood, who is doing excellent work as principal of the Dayton high school, was born in Johnson county, Missouri, January 29, , a son of Wiley C. Both, however, were taken as children to Johnson county, Missouri, and there they were reared and married. The father engaged in farming there until , when he went to Bates county, that state, whence in he removed to Ellensburg, Washington.

In his new home he resumed the work of tilling the fields and he is now engaged in agricultural pursuits in Benton county, where he has lived since In that year he was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife. Atwood attended the district schools of Missouri in early boyhood and continued his education in the Ellensburg schools, graduating from the high school in He prepared for teaching in the Ellensburg State Normal School, from which he was graduated in , and the thorough professional training which he there received well fitted him for the performance of his duties as principal of the North Street school of Ballard, Washington, which position he held for three years.

At the end of that time he matriculated in the University of Washington at Seattle, but withdrew from that school in his senior year on account of his mother's illness. In December, , he was called to Dayton as principal of the high school and has ever since served in that capacity, his continuance in the position indicating his efficiency.

He regards teaching as being as truly a profession as the law or medicine and believes that one intending to devote his life to educational work should prepare as thoroughly as the physician or lawyer. He has remained a constant student of educational methods and is always willing to adapt to the needs of his school any new plan which has proved of value.

Atwood endorses the principles of the democratic party and supports its measures at the polls and in was its candidate for county superintendent. He belongs to Occidental Lodge, No. Both he and his wife attend the Congregational [47] church and can be counted upon to further movements having as their object the moral advancement of the community. He has not at any time kept himself aloof from the everyday interests of life but has been a factor in the development of Dayton along various lines. Among Walla Walla county's venerable and highly respected citizens is numbered William Martin, a retired farmer who is now living in Hill township.

Moreover, he has lived on the Pacific coast for sixty-five years and is familiar with every phase of its growth and development from Indian fighting to the latest methods of crop production. He was born in Indiana, September 30, , and is a son of Jesse and Catherine Harris Martin, the former a native of Ohio, while the latter was born in Kentucky. At an early date they became residents of Indiana and afterward established their home in McLean county, Illinois.

In they removed to Missouri, where they resided until , when they started across the plains for California, whither their son William had preceded them. They located in Thurston county, Washington, and there continued to reside until called to their final rest. They had a family of ten children but only three are now living.

William Martin was reared and educated in Missouri, where he resided until , when at the age of nineteen years he came to the Pacific coast country. He outfitted with an ox team and wagon and started upon the long journey to California, attracted by the discovery of gold on the Pacific coast and the business opportunities which it opened up.

He was six months in crossing the plains and then concluded to locate in Oregon, but after spending three months in Oregon City went to Thurston county, Washington, where he was employed in a sawmill for three years and a half. On the expiration of that time he took up a claim.

Upon that land, which was entirely wild and undeveloped, he built a little log cabin with a clapboard roof and began life there in true pioneer style, experiencing the hardships and privations incident to the settlement of the frontier. Upon that place he lived for several years and his labors wrought a marked change in its appearance, for he broke the sod, tilled the fields and in course of time gathered good harvests. He afterward purchased more land in that locality. The years were fraught not only with much hard labor but with other experiences of pioneer life.

In and Mr. Martin was engaged in fighting the Indians and became familiar with all of the treacherous methods of Indian warfare. Later he concentrated his efforts upon farming and as the years passed his labors were crowned with a substantial measure of success. On December 14, , Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Miss Ann E. Yantis, who was born in Missouri in and by whom he had five children, as follows: John F. Koontz, of Pasco, Washington; William E. It was in that Mr. Martin brought his family to the Walla Walla valley, where he has since lived, covering a period of forty-five years.

Here he was [48] engaged in the stock business until and then removed to Walla Walla and turned his attention to mercantile pursuits. In he entered a railroad office at Wallula, where he remained for nine years, and at the end of that time located on a ranch on Snake river, living there for three years. The following year was spent in Walla Walla and he next owned and occupied a ranch on Hudson Bay in Oregon for three years. On selling that place he returned to Washington and has lived in Touchet since He purchased a store in Touchet which he carried on for some time but at length sold that property and retired from active business life, so that he is now enjoying a rest which he has truly earned and richly deserves.

He owns seven acres of land in the village of Touchet, upon which he has a comfortable and attractive residence and is now pleasantly situated there. His has been an active and useful life and one which, by its integrity and honor, has gained for him the respect and confidence of all with whom he has been brought in contact.

Daily Record from Morristown, New Jersey on August 19, · 13

His political allegiance has always been given to the democratic party and upon that ticket he was elected to represent his district in the general assembly of Washington in He has served on the school board, has filled the office of justice of the peace and at all times has been most loyal to the trust reposed in him. He and his wife are consistent members of the Christian church and have guided their lives by its teachings, being always careful to conform their actions to high standards.

In a word they have ever endeavored to follow the golden rule doing unto others as they would have others do unto them. A man who has contributed to the upbuilding of a city in one line of development is considered worthy of honor, but that man who has a part in the promotion of his city's interests in many fields of activity has a still greater claim upon the gratitude of his fellow citizens, and such was the record of Raymond Ringold Rees, pioneer newspaper man, prominent merchant and man of affairs.

He was born in Reily, Ohio, June 17, , and was taken by his parents to Delaware, that state, where he remained until he was twenty-one years old. During his youth he served an apprenticeship to the printer's trade and in he came west with a brother by way of the Isthmus of Panama, their destination being Portland, Oregon, in the vicinity of which a third brother lived. After a short time Mr. Rees of this review secured work as a typesetter on the Christian Advocate and as he had the distinction of being the only man in Portland who could set book type, he did that work on McCormac's Almanac, the first book published on the Pacific coast.

He was also employed as a typesetter on the first issue of the Daily Oregonian, Portland's famous newspaper. With the exception of eighteen months spent with a brother in the Colville mines, he was identified with newspaper publication in Portland until , when he came to Walla Walla, reaching here on the 21st of November. Rees formed a partnership with Nemiah Northrop and established the first newspaper in this section—the Washington Statesman.

The firm sent to Portland for a press, which arrived on schedule time, and the first issue of the new paper appeared on November 27th. The publishers therein made the following announcement to the public: "We send forth this morning with our congratulations the first number of the Washington Statesman, and respectfully solicit the attention of the people of Walla Walla and county to its pages That a weekly publication devoted to the various interests of the country, containing all the news which may be gathered from different quarters, is essentially needed in the Walla Walla valley we premise no permanent resident will deny.

This admitted, we have no misgivings as to the disposition of the people to come forward and promptly sustain an enterprise so materially calculated to further their interests as a community. Smith desired to become a member of his competing firm and his wish was granted. The first subscriptions did not come in to the new paper as readily as had been expected. Accordingly Mr. Smith made a tour on horseback of Walla Walla county and Umatilla county and succeeded in obtaining two hundred subscriptions at five dollars per year, the circulation list containing the names of practically all the men of the two counties.

The Statesman was the first newspaper established in eastern Washington, then known as the "upper country," and was a factor of great importance in the early development of this region. Rees was one of the owners of that journal until November, , when he sold his interest therein to W. Newell, and the following five years were devoted to farming in connection with his father-in-law.

In he returned to Walla Walla and formed a partnership with H. Two years later W. With Mr. In the meantime a two-story building was erected where now stands the Farmers Savings Bank. Plans were subsequently made for the erection of the Rees-Winans building but before construction work was begun Mr. Rees was called by death. His widow, with Mr. Winans, however, carried out the plans already made and the building was erected in due time and was an important addition to the downtown section of Walla Walla.

As a merchant Mr. Rees was enterprising, progressive and sound of judgment, managing his affairs carefully and giving much thought to anticipating the demands of his customers. He based his success upon the firm foundation of the best service possible and full return for all money received.

Michael V. She was born near Chicago, in De Kalb county, Illinois, in and in accompanied her parents to Oregon, the journey being made by ox team. The family settled near Lebanon, in Linn county, but the long wet season proved unhealthful and Mr. Ward developed serious throat trouble. On the advice of a physician he removed to Walla Walla county, bringing with him three hundred head of cattle. That winter, however, [54] there was an unusually heavy snowfall and owing to the unfavorable weather conditions he lost all of his cattle but forty-four.

However, the increase in prices enabled him to realize so much from the remaining cattle that his net loss was inconsiderable. He bought the Lewis McMorris ranch a few miles south of Walla Walla and operated that place for some time but at length disposed of it. He then removed to Walla Walla and erected there the most pretentious home in the city at the corner of East and Poplar streets.

At the time of the visit of President Hayes and party the president and his wife were entertained at the home of Mr. Ward, as there were no suitable hotel accommodations to be found in the city. Hayes insisted in helping with the house work and at her request fried apples were served at breakfast. The democratic spirit manifested by the president and his wife made their visit a genuine pleasure as well as an honor. Rees were born three children: Frank W. Compton is a son of General Compton, who for years had command of the garrison at Walla Walla. Rees was a prominent democrat and for many years took an active part in politics.

He represented his district at two different times in the state legislature; for several years served as county treasurer, and his record as an official was highly creditable alike to his ability and his public spirit. He was always called upon with a certainty of response for aid in carrying out projects for the development of Walla Walla city and county and his demise, which occurred July 12, , was recognized as a great loss to his community.

His widow survives and resides in one of the handsomest residences of the city, in which she takes great pride, for it was built in accordance with plans drawn by herself. After the death of her husband she carried on the business of the estate. She is one of the honored pioneer settlers of Walla Walla and her reminiscences of the early days when the present rapidly growing city was a little frontier settlement are much appreciated by the younger generation, who find it hard to realize that conditions have changed so radically within a half century.

When she came to this region there were not more than twenty white women in the valley and she is one of the very few of the number now living. John H. Romaine, who has been engaged in farming in Columbia county, was born in Fond du Lac county, Wisconsin, April 15, , a son of Garrit Romaine, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work.

Our subject grew to manhood in his native state and there received a good common school education. When twenty years old he accompanied his parents to Washington and not long after his arrival in this state took up a homestead on section 25, township 11 north, range 38 east. He brought his land to a high state of development, and gained recognition as a progressive and capable farmer. He raised both wheat and stock and his annual income reached gratifying proportions. He added to his holdings as the years passed until he owned fourteen hundred [55] acres of fine land but sold out in the fall of and purchased a ranch of seven hundred and fifty-five acres in Umatilla county, Oregon, nine miles south of Walla Walla, Washington, on which he expects to locate.

They removed to Old Walla Walla county and here her father passed away in Her mother survives and makes her home with Mr. The latter have become the parents of four children: Jean M. Romaine gives his political allegiance to the republican party but has never sought office, his farming interests requiring his undivided time and attention.

People of the present period can scarcely realize the struggles and dangers which attended the early settlers, the heroism and self-sacrifice of lives passed upon the borders of civilization, the hardships endured, the difficulties overcome. These tales of the early days read almost like a romance to those who have known only the modern prosperity and conveniences.

To the pioneer of the early days, far removed from the privileges and conveniences of city and town, the struggle for existence was a stern and hard one, and these men and women must have possessed indomitable energy and sterling worth of character as well as marked physical courage when they thus voluntarily selected such a life and successfully fought its battles under such circumstances as prevailed in the northwest. The efforts of Dr. Baker were indeed an important feature in the development of this section of the country.

He saw and utilized opportunities which have brought about modern-day progress and improvement and not only kept pace with the trend of the times but was a leader in the onward march of progress in Walla Walla and this section of the state. Rogg, who is engaged in the furniture and undertaking business in Dayton, has in his business career ever followed the admonition of the old Greek philosopher, Epicharmus, who said: "Earn thy reward; the gods give nought to sloth. The father was a native of Germany but came to America when a young lad and settled in Connecticut, where he was reared and married.

In he removed with his family to Kansas, where he established his home upon a farm and in that state both he and his wife passed away. In their family were seven children, six of whom are now living. Although born in New England, C. Rogg was only about a year old when the family home was established in the Sunflower state and there he was reared and educated, pursuing his studies in the public schools. He was a young man of about twenty-seven years when he determined to leave the middle west and try his fortune upon the Pacific coast. He arrived in Walla Walla county, Washington, in and there remained for a year, after which he removed to Dayton, where he established a furniture and undertaking business, in which he has now been engaged for thirteen years, building up a trade of large and gratifying proportions.

He has a well appointed furniture store, carrying a large and carefully selected stock, and his reasonable prices, progressive business methods and earnest desire to please his customers have brought to him a very gratifying patronage. In May, , Mr. Landon, who is still living in that state.

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  • To Mr. Rogg is a member of the Christian church. Rogg has membership with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has filled all of the chairs in the local lodge. He is also connected with Dayton Lodge, No. His political support is given to the democratic party and he has been elected a member of the city council by the vote of his fellow townsmen, who recognized his worth and ability and felt that public interests would be safe in his hands. The years of his residence in Dayton have brought him a wide acquaintance and his sterling worth has gained for him the high regard of those with whom he has been associated.

    Prepared by comprehensive study at home and abroad, Dr. Frank C. Robinson has won for himself a distinguished position in the ranks of the medical profession in Walla Walla and the northwest. He has wisely utilized his native talents and as the years have gone on his reading and research have kept him in touch with the trend of scientific attainment. He was born in Blandinsville, Illinois, May 24, , a son of Campbell and Elizabeth Hungate Robinson, both of whom were natives of McDonough county, Illinois, where they were reared and married. There they resided until , when they removed to Taylor county, Iowa, and in they became residents of Walla Walla county, Washington.

    The father purchased land at Bolles Junction, where he engaged in farming for ten years, and in he retired from active life, taking up his abode in the city of Walla Walla, where his remaining days were passed, his death occurring in , while his widow survived until He was for a long period one of the most extensive and successful agriculturists of his locality, owning and cultivating two thousand acres of land at Bolles Junction. In his family were six children, namely: Frank C. Howard, a teacher in the high school of Spokane. Robinson was very young when the family went to Iowa and was a youth of about eighteen years when the removal was made to the northwest.

    He has since taken a most active interest in the development of the Inland Empire and has contributed in substantial measure to the work of progress and improvement along various lines. He was educated in the public schools and in the Waitsburg Academy, being graduated from the latter institution with the class of The following year he began preparation for the practice of medicine and surgery, entering Rush Medical College of Chicago in the fall of He was graduated from that institution on the completion of the four years' course as valedictorian [14] of the class of and immediately afterward served an interneship of a year and a half in the Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago, thus gaining broad and valuable practical experience along professional lines.

    He was afterward appointed superintendent of the Monroe Street Hospital in Chicago, in which capacity he served for a year. Desirous of further advancing in his profession, he went abroad in August, , for post-graduate work in Europe, pursuing his studies and his research work in Vienna, Austria, where he remained until May, , coming under the instruction of some of the most eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world. He then returned to his native land and opened an office in Walla Walla, where in the intervening period of eleven years he has won a place in the front ranks of medical practitioners.

    His ability is pronounced and he has gained a most creditable name and place in a profession where advancement depends entirely upon individual merit. In Dr. Morgan, a pioneer druggist and the foremost citizen of Waitsburg, Washington. Robinson is a graduate of the Washington State Normal School at Ellensburg and later was graduated from the University of Washington with the class of She is a lady of culture and refinement. Robinson is well known in fraternal circles, belonging to Walla Walla Lodge, No. He belongs to Columbia Lodge, No. At the annual convocation of the American College of Surgeons in Chicago in October, , fellowship was conferred upon Dr.

    He makes his practice his chief interest, allowing nothing to interfere with the faithful and conscientious performance of his professional duties, and his comprehensive knowledge of the science of medicine, accurately applied, has gained him place with the eminent representatives of the profession in this state. In July, , he entered the United States service and was commissioned captain in the Medical Officers Reserve Corps and is now awaiting summons to the front.

    Charles A. Kausche, a well known farmer of Garfield county with residence on section 21, township 12 north, range 41 east, was born in this county, May 27, , a son of Henry and Paulina Lowenberg Kausche, the former a native of Germany and the latter of Ohio. When only sixteen years of age the father came to the United States and in removed to Oregon. Four years later he came with his family to Garfield county, Washington, and took up a claim. As soon as possible he erected a rude home of the type known as a box house and in order to fence his land he hauled poles from the mountains twenty-five miles distant.

    In time he brought his place to a high state of development and erected excellent buildings thereon, being actively engaged [15] in farming until , when he retired and removed to Pomeroy. In he passed away there but his wife survives. Kausche, who is one of the five living children of a family of eight, was reared at home and at the usual age became a pupil in the public schools, which he attended in the acquirement of an education. In he rented the old homestead and subsequently he bought the place, which comprises eight hundred and seventy acres.

    He has erected excellent modern buildings upon the place and has otherwise added to its value and it now ranks among the best developed farms of the locality. He uses up-to-date methods and implements in carrying on his work and also gives careful thought to the problem of marketing to advantage. Two children have been born to Mr.

    Kausche, Floyd B. Kausche belongs to the Knights of Pythias and in politics supports the republican party. For some time he was clerk of the school board and he is strongly in favor of the best possible public schools. His extensive farming interests do not leave him much time for outside activities but it is generally known that he supports all movements seeking the material, civic or moral advancement of his community.

    Christian Miller, who is devoting his time and energies to the operation of a good farm on section 26, Russell Creek township, Walla Walla county, was born in Denmark, January 27, , a son of Soren S. Miller, who in came with their family to the United States. After residing for six years in Utah, where the father engaged in farming, they came to Walla Walla county, Washington, in with a colony composed of Mormons who had seceded from the church and also others who were never associated with that organization.

    The father belonged to the former class and he remained with the colony until it broke up in or He then acquired title to a small farm on Mill creek, where he continued to make his home until his death, which occurred March 26, Christian Miller had very little opportunity to attend school, as his boyhood was passed in a frontier community, but he has learned many valuable lessons in the school of experience.

    He accompanied his parents on their removal to Walla Walla county and remained with the colony until it was disbanded, after which he worked as a farm hand for a time.

    Morris Township/Morris County Parade - 1965

    In he purchased his first farm, comprising one hundred and sixty acres on section 26, Russell Creek township, and has since added to his holdings from time to time until he now owns about four hundred acres of excellent land. He is engaged in diversified farming and has been very successful in his work.

    On the 8th of November, , Mr. Miller was united in marriage to Miss Grace E. Davies, who was born in Kansas, June 18, Her father, W. Before leaving Wales he was married August 24, , to Miss Ann Jones, and they became the parents of twelve children. It was in that they came to America and for a time made their home in Utah and later in Montana, but in came to Walla Walla county, Washington. Davies, who was born in Wales, March 29, , died May 19, , and Mr. Davies passed away November 25, Three children were born to Mr.

    Miller, of whom two survive, namely: Sarah M. Miller is a republican in politics and has served for a number of years on the school board, in which connection he has done valuable work for the schools. He belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America and has many friends within and without that organization. Through his own efforts he has gained financial independence, his success being based upon enterprise, hard work and good management. With the history of development in the northwest Hon. Levi Ankeny, of Walla Walla, is largely familiar. He has been a witness of the various phases of life during the progress from pioneer times to the days of present prosperity and he has ever borne his part in the work of general upbuilding and improvement, while at the same time he has so conducted his private business interests that substantial results have accrued.

    He has been active in connection with mining and with the copper industry and for many years he has occupied a most prominent position in banking circles. His business interests alone would entitle him to representation in this volume and yet there are other phases of his life which also render him a most prominent and representative citizen of the northwest, for he has been United States senator and has done much to further the interests of this section of the country in the halls of national legislation.

    Ankeny was born near St. Both were members of old families whose ancestry can be traced back to Revolutionary war times and who were represented by valiant soldiers in the struggle for independence. The father was a newspaper man in Milford, Pennsylvania, for a number of years and died while on a trip across the plains to Oregon in His widow continued the trip and spent her last years in Portland, Oregon. Levi Ankeny of this review was a little lad of but six summers when his parents started with the family on the long trip over the hot stretches of sand and through the mountain passes to the northwest, yet he remembers many incidents of that journey, which was made after the primitive manner of the times.

    He was reared on the Pacific coast and largely acquired his education in Kingsley Academy in Portland. After reaching adult age he was for several years engaged in merchandising in Orofino and in Florence, Idaho, selling goods from pack trains all through the mining regions and also through the Fraser river country of British Columbia.

    He was also for several years with the Wells Fargo Express Company. During these years he became identified with the cattle industry and his herds roamed the plains of both Idaho and Washington. He was in Walla Walla in his cattle operations, grazing his herds throughout this section of the country in the early days before settlement had laid claim to the land. Ankeny's identification with financial interests in the northwest began on the 1st of January, , when he organized the First National Bank of Walla Walla.

    He thus entered actively into a field of business in which he has made substantial progress and in which his efforts have contributed much to the upbuilding and development of this section as well. He has since disposed of the bank at Baker City, Oregon, and also of the one in Vancouver hut is still president of the other four banking institutions, the combined deposits of which at the present time amount to over seven million dollars.

    There is no phase of the banking business with which he is not familiar and he is thoroughly acquainted with all of the grave problems of finance which confront the country. He has served as president of the State Bankers' Association. He is actuated in all that he does by a most progressive spirit and, readily discriminating between the essential and the non-essential in all business affairs, he has so directed his efforts that success in notable measure has attended his endeavors and reputation names him as the wealthiest resident of his county.

    Moreover, the policy that he has pursued is one which will bear the closest investigation and scrutiny and may well constitute an example that others may profitably follow. In Mr. By this marriage have been born five children, four of whom are living: Nesmith, who is assistant cashier of the First National Bank at Pendleton, Oregon; John who is vice president of the First National Bank at Walla Walla; Robert, who operated a farm in the Willamette valley of Oregon but has volunteered and is now serving as a machinist in the Navy; and Harriett, who is the wife of Colonel Francis Pope, of the United States army, formerly stationed at San Antonio, Texas, but now in France.

    Ankeny has not only done much to develop the material interests and resources of this section of the country but has also contributed in large measure to shaping its political history. He has always been a stalwart champion of the republican party and upon its ticket was elected in to represent Washington in the United States senate, serving in that august body for six years, during which period he most carefully considered the vital questions which came up for settlement and threw the weight of his aid and influence on the side of progress, reform and improvement.

    He is a thirty-second degree Mason, being identified with all the Masonic bodies of both the York and Scottish Rites. He has served as grand master. He belongs to Walla Walla Commandery, No. His religious faith is evidenced in his membership in the Episcopal church and that he is appreciative of the social amenities of life is indicated in his identification with the Country Club. Ankeny is recognized as one of the strong men of the northwest, strong in his honor and his good name, strong in his ability to plan and perform.

    What he has undertaken he has accomplished and, moreover, he has not only promoted his individual interests but his activities have ever been of a character which have advanced the public prosperity as well. Cary Melvin Rader, a leading member of the bar of Walla Walla, engaged in general practice, was born in Carroll county, Indiana, July 27, His father, Solomon Rader, was also a native of the Hoosier state, born October 8, He devoted his life to farming in early manhood and afterward took up merchandising. He was a veteran of the Indian wars of the northwest and crossed the plains in He participated in the Modoc and Rogue River wars of and Later he returned to Indiana and became actively identified with its agricultural and commercial interests.

    But longing for the west he came to Walla Walla, Washington, in , there remaining until his death, which occurred December 2, His wife, who bore the maiden name of Martha Ann Stewart, was born in Indiana, May 30, , and is still living at the notable old age of ninety years, her home being in Walla Walla. Cary M. Rader was the only child of that marriage. He obtained a common school education in his native state and afterward attended the Central Normal College at Danville, Indiana, where he pursued a law course.

    He was there graduated on the 28th of July, , and was admitted to the bar, but in May, , came to Walla Walla and has since been an active representative of the legal profession of this city. He entered into partnership with Senator Poindexter, with whom he was associated for about four years, after which he practiced alone for a few years, and then became a partner of Frank B. Their connection continued for four years and Mr. Rader was then alone in practice for a brief period. He afterward entered into partnership with W. King, who later became a supreme judge of Oregon, and upon the dissolution of that partnership he became connected with E.

    This association has since been maintained and the firm occupies a very prominent position at the Walla Walla bar. Along with those qualities indispensable to the lawyer Mr. Rader brought to the starting point of his legal career certain rare gifts, including forcefulness of expression and a strong personality. He possesses a keen, rapid, logical mind, plus the business sense, and a ready capacity for hard work.

    He has, too, an excellent presence, an earnest, dignified manner and marked strength of character, which, combined with a thorough grasp of the law and the ability to accurately apply its principles, has made him a most effective advocate and a wise counselor. While continuing in general law practice, he has specialized [21] in corporation law and is thoroughly well informed concerning that department of jurisprudence.

    He served for one term as city attorney in In addition to his professional interests he is a director of the Peoples State Bank, to which office he was elected on the organization of the bank, and he has considerable farming interests. On the 13th of September, , Mr. Rader was united in marriage to Miss Hattie Miller, a native of Eaton, Ohio, and a daughter of Charles Miller, a resident of that city. Her mother has passed away. In his political views Mr. Rader is an earnest democrat, believing firmly in the principles of the party, yet never seeking office. He attends the Congregational church and is a faithful follower of the Masonic fraternity, being now a past master of Walla Walla Lodge, No.

    There have been no spectacular phases in his career, but in a profession where advancement depends entirely upon individual merit and ability he has worked his way steadily upward. His practice is now extensive and of an important character. At no time has his reading ever been confined to the limitations of the question at issue and he is recognized not only in professional circles but otherwise as a man of well rounded character, of finely balanced mind and splendid intellectual attainments.

    Judge John W. Holman, of Dayton, has an unusual record of public service, having for twenty-two years been police judge and justice of the peace, and for seven years he was court commissioner. He was reared under the parental roof and at the usual age entered the district schools. When eighteen years old he volunteered for service in the Union army and from the time of his enlistment, on the 6th of August, , until after the close of the war he was with the armed forces of the government.

    On returning to civil life Judge Holman removed to Illinois, where he engaged in farming until In that year he became a resident of Nebraska and there made his home until , when he cast in his lot with the Pacific northwest. During the intervening forty-one years he has lived at Dayton and has become one of the foremost citizens of that town and, in fact, of Columbia county. In he was appointed deputy sheriff under W. Marcus, and two years later was elected justice of the peace. Subsequently he became police judge and for twenty-two years he filled both offices. In the discharge of his duties he manifested a fine sense of justice and an unusual ability to read human nature.

    Sturdevant, and in that connection also he was thoroughly competent. Linn, a native of Ohio. They became the parents of the following children: Laura A. Judge Holman has been a republican almost since the organization of the party and his advice has often been sought by the local party leaders. At one time he was the republican councilman from Brooklyn. He has always been justly proud of the fact that at the time of the country's need he offered himself in defense of the Union, and he finds great pleasure in the association with other veterans of the Civil war in the local post of the Grand Army of the Republic.

    Fraternally he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His strength of character and his unswerving adherence to high standards of morality have gained him the respect of his community, and, moreover, he has won an unusually large number of personal friends, owing to his kindly nature and his evident goodwill toward all. One evidence of his popularity is the fact that while serving as justice of the peace he performed more marriages than any other official or clergyman in the county and in many instances married two generations of the same family.

    He has the satisfaction of knowing that he has discharged in full every duty devolving upon him, and that during a long life he has at all times proven a man of genuine worth, an official devoted to the public welfare. No history such as this work defines in its essential limitations will serve to offer fitting memorial to Judge Benjamin L. Sharpstein, who left the impress of his individuality for good upon the commonwealth in many ways and whose career ever reflected honor upon the state that honored him.

    A Mexican war veteran, a pioneer, lawyer, legislator and member of the state constitutional convention, he indeed played an important part in shaping the annals of Washington. For forty-two years he was a resident of Walla Walla and through that period was not only closely connected with its interests and development but was also associated with many of the movements which have shaped the policy and directed the upbuilding of the state.

    Judge Sharpstein was a native of the state of New York, his birth having occurred in Bath, Steuben county, October 22, He was a lad of seven years when his parents removed westward to Michigan, settling first in Macomb county, where they resided until their removal to Sheboygan county, Wisconsin. In the family were two sons, John and Benjamin L. The former became an attorney of Kenosha, Wisconsin, and later went to San Francisco, California, where he served as a judge of the supreme court.

    After the Civil war his brother Benjamin read law with him for some time. Reared upon the home farm, Judge Sharpstein divided his time between the work of the schoolroom, the pleasures of the playground and such tasks as were assigned him in connection with the development of the fields. He did not care, however, to make farming his life work and turned from agriculture to a professional career, it being his desire to prepare for the bar. He therefore entered upon his studies, which, however, were interrupted when he was nineteen years of age, for in his patriotic spirit was aroused and he joined the American army as a soldier in the Mexican war.

    Upon the close of hostilities with that country he returned to his home and resumed the study of law, being admitted to the bar in Judge Sharpstein was married in to Miss Sarah J. Park, who was indeed a faithful companion and helpmate to him on life's journey. She has long figured prominently in the social circles of Walla Walla and her life has been fraught with many good deeds and characterized by the highest principles.

    Following their marriage Judge and Mrs. Sharpstein continued to reside in the middle west until , when they determined to try their fortune on the Pacific coast and with their three eldest children, John L. The city of Salem, Oregon, was their objective point but on reaching Walla Walla, Judge Sharpstein was so favorably impressed with the opportunities of this section that he determined to make his home here.

    Thereafter he was identified with the city and was a most important and influential factor in advancing the best interests of the community, in promoting its progress and upbuilding and in upholding its standards of citizenship. He not only held high rank as a lawyer but was also prominent in shaping the political history of his state. At the bar he was forceful and resourceful. He had comprehensive knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence and was most accurate in applying those principles to the points in litigation. His arguments were most logical, his reasoning sound and clear and his deductions accurate.

    In political faith Judge Sharpstein was a democrat and held loyally to the principles of his party, although he knew that such a course would deprive him of many political honors, for the district and state in which he lived were overwhelmingly republican. However, his fellow townsmen recognized his genuine worth and patriotic spirit to such an extent that in , again in and once more in he was elected to represent his district in the state legislature by overwhelming majorities.

    In he was chosen as a member of the state constitutional convention and aided in framing the organic law of Washington. He left the permanent stamp of his wisdom and farsightedness upon that valuable document. His marked ability as a lawyer, combined with his patriotic citizenship and his keen insight into the present needs and the future possibilities of the state, made his service of the greatest worth to the commonwealth and he bore a most important part in shaping the constitution. He was again called to public office in , when he was appointed a member of the tide land commission.

    Judge Sharpstein was also a leader in local affairs and for twenty-seven years in all, with some periods of intermission, he served as a member of the school board and during much of that time was its president. He did most effective work in advancing the standards of the schools and improving the methods of instruction, and one of the fine school buildings of Walla Walla fittingly bears his name. While many public interests thus claimed his time and attention, Judge Sharpstein regarded the practice of law as his real life work and, admitting his [28] three sons to a partnership, thus organized one of the strongest legal firms of Washington.

    One of his sons, Arthur P. Two sons, John L. He, too, is a resident of Walla Walla. The only daughter, Ada A. Upton and lives in Tacoma. Sharpstein is still living and although now almost eighty years of age is wonderfully well preserved, being able to do her own marketing and attend to her business affairs. The family of Judge Sharpstein has worthily maintained the high position established by the father, who departed this life May 2, , honored and respected by all who knew him.

    His memory is enshrined in the hearts of those with whom he came in contact and his name is written large on the pages of Washington's history. George J. Ruark, one of the prominent citizens of Garfield county, is actively identified with farming interests and now makes his home in Pomeroy. Messenger Ruark, who were natives of Illinois and of Ohio respectively. In early life they removed with their respective parents to Wayne county, Iowa, and were there married.

    They began their domestic life in that county, where they continued to reside until or , when they became residents of Kansas but after two years returned to Wayne county, Iowa, whence in they started across the plains with ox teams and wagons for the Pacific coast. The journey was a long and arduous one, but day after day they pushed forward and eventually reached Clarke county, Washington, where they located, establishing their home ten miles north of Vancouver, where they lived until the spring of In that year they became residents of Walla Walla county and Mr.

    Ruark engaged in the live stock business until the spring of In the fall of he and his family removed to what is now Garfield county, establishing their home near Deadman's Hollow, eighteen miles east of Pomeroy. There the father engaged in farming until and, adding to his possessions from time to time, he acquired ten hundred and forty acres of valuable wheat land.

    In the spring of he removed to Whitman county, his son, George J. Ruark, taking charge of the old home farm in Garfield county. The father then continued in active connection with farming and live stock interests in Whitman county until , when he retired from business life and removed to Asotin, Washington. He owned four hundred and twenty acres of land in Whitman county, which he leased on his removal to Asotin, where he still maintained his residence at date of death, January 8, His widow still survives and is now a resident of Pomeroy.

    In politics the father was a democrat and took active interest in the work and success of the party. For a number of years he served as postmaster of Deadman but otherwise refused public office. He belonged to the United Brethren church and was one of the sterling citizens of Garfield county. Ruark was educated in the district schools and was reared to farm life, early becoming familiar with all of the duties and labors that fall to the lot of the agriculturist.

    In the fall of he began farming on his own account, renting land in conjunction with his brother Charles and with his father. The Bowman ranch of one thousand acres, which they operated in partnership for three years, returned to them a gratifying annual income and on the expiration of that period George J. Ruark began farming independently, renting two hundred and seventeen acres of the same ranch. This he cultivated for a year and in , having carefully saved his earnings, he bought a small place on which he located. He also continued to cultivate rented land in connection with his home farm and in the fall of he rented his father's farm of ten hundred and forty acres, which he continued to cultivate for five years.

    He then returned to his own place, which he farmed in connection with other land until the fall of , when he sold that property and bought his present farm of fourteen hundred and twenty acres, situated at the head of Deadman's Hollow. This is now being cultivated by a tenant, and Mr. Ruark established his home in Pomeroy in the fall of From this point he directs and supervises his business interests and at the same time he has the enjoyment of city life.

    Ruark was united in marriage to Miss Olive Vannausdle, of Garfield county, a daughter of Harris Vannausdle, who came from Nebraska in He is still living and makes his home among his children. Ruark have an adopted daughter, Elma Maurene. Politically Mr. Ruark is a democrat and on the party ticket was elected a member of the board of county commissioners in , filling the position for four years in a most acceptable and creditable manner. Fraternally he is connected with the Woodmen of the World.

    He ranks with the leading and representative men of Garfield county, for by his enterprising efforts he has contributed much to the upbuilding and development of this section. He stands for progress and improvement along all lines and his cooperation can ever be counted upon to further any well devised plan for the general good. David B. Ferrel, a well known farmer of Russell Creek township, Walla Walla county, was born August 8, , a son of Brewster and Caroline Bott Ferrel, both natives of Ohio, an extended sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. Ferrell was reared at home and after attending the district schools for a number of years became a student in the Walla Walla schools.

    In the meantime he had received thorough training in farm work under his father and when twenty-one years of age he became his father's partner in the operation of the home farm of two thousand acres.